Hungary – Ungariae Loca Praecipua recens emendata atque edita, per Ionannem Sambucum Pannonium…1579
Date of first edition: 1579
Date of this map: 1579 (third pressing)
Dimensions (without margins): 35 x 50,5 cm
Condition: Good engraving. Wide margins. All in original coloring, but orange unsure.
Condition rating: A
Verso: text in Latin
Map reference: Van den Broecke, 151
From: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
Hungary by Ortelius
This map shows part of today’s Hungary, Austria, Slovakia, Serbia and Rumania. The cartographer was J. Sambucus.
It follows the course of the Danube from Vienna (top left to the Pons Traiani. It passes Bratislava, Buda/Pest and Belgrado. The Balaton lake and the Neusiedler See (Lake Neusiedl), the largest lakes of central Europe, are clearly visible.
Trajan’s Bridge (between what is now Serbia and Rumania) is the first bridge spanning the Danube River, built east of the Iron Gate Rapids at Turnu Severin by the Roman emperor Trajan (reigned AD 98–117) to guarantee the supply line of his legions in conquered Dacia. The engineer, probably Trajan’s lieutenant, Apollodorus of Damascus, used timber arches mounted on masonry piers to span the 800 meter wide river. A century and a half later the emperor Aurelian withdrew from Dacia and demolished the bridge, which is memorialized on Trajan’s Column in Rome. Its 52 meter spans were the longest built for more than a thousand years.