Granada and Murcia – Granata et Murcia Regna

by Joan Blaeu


Date of first edition: 1634

Date of this edition: 1664

Dimensions (not including margins): 37,8 x 50 cm

Condition: Mint. Sharp copper engraving printed on paper. Old outline colouring. Wide margins.

Condition rating: A+

Map reference:  2, 6130:2

From: Grooten Atlas, oft Werelt-Beschryving, in welcke ‘t Aerdryck, de Zee, en Hemel, wort vertoont en beschreven. Amsterdam, 1664-1665. Van der Krogt 2, 621.

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Spain & Portugal
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From Costa del Sul to Costa Ameira…

a local tourist offered guide by Joan Blaeu some 350 years ago

After the Spanish Reconquista of Cordoba in 1236, Granada remained the last large Moorish area in the Iberia, but it became a vassal state for the next 250 years. The war against the Emirate of Granada (1482-1492) formally ended the Reconquista. Granada could retain its own royal crown until the internal Spanish reforms of 1833.
The small Murcia is a result of a treaty between Aragon and Castile of 1244, which, after the Aragonese conquest of Valencia, Castile and Aragon made border agreements with regard to the conquered Moorish areas. Most of Murcia would become part of Castile in 1266.The five crowns in her coat of arms symbolize solidarity with other Spanish regions.

The history of the African Ceuta (just across the Strait from Gibraltar) is a jumble of changing rulers: Portugal, Moorish Andalusia, Fez and Granada. Portugal granted sovereignty over this territory to Spain in the Treaty of Lisbon (1668). The Portuguese character of the city gradually faded away. In 1956, when France ended its protectorate over Morocco, Spain discontinued the protectorate (which it held over a northern strip on the Mediterranean and retroceded the territory to the newly independent kingdom, while retaining the plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty). These include not only Ceauta and Melila and several islands just before the Moroccan coast! As of 2018, Morocco still claims Ceuta and Melilla as integral parts of its country, and considers them to be under foreign occupation, comparing their status to that of Gibraltar.

The other coat of arms is the one of Granada (a pomegranate, which appears in all local and regional flags). Both Blaeu and Janssonius (from 1636) produced this map. The only difference is that Janssonius mentions fewer toponyms, such as Gibraltar (al Tarik Gebal). The scale bar is in Spanish miles, where 1 Spanish miles equals about 6.3 km.

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