South America – Tierra Nova

by Girolamo Ruscelli


Date of first edition:  1561

Date of this map: 1561

Dimensions (not including margins): 18,2 x 24,5 cm

Condition: Very good.

Condition rating: A

Verso: blanc

From: La Geografia di Claudio Tolomeo



Item number:
The Americas
South America
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Price (without VAT): 650,00 (FYI +/- $767,00 / £585,00)
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Uncommon first edition

The towns at the coast are drawn in such a way that they form the desired coastline.

Only a few Inca cities in Peru Provincia including Cusco and Caxamalca mentioned. The Amazon meanders like a snake down, but does not come into contact with the water system of Plata.

Top right one can notice a tip West Africa and bottom is named Strecho the Magellanes.

Ruscelli shows many islands in the Atlantic. For example Y. Fernando Lorena (now Fernando de Noronha), an archipelago of 21 islands, which were discovered during an expedition in 1503 (sponsored by the Lisbon merchant of Lisbon Fernão the Loronha). Amerigo Vespucci was part of this expedition. Between 1503 and 1512 the consortium of Loronha held a trade monopoly on Brazil. This group was particularly interested in the barzilwood (Caesalpinia echinata). The name of the larger area which was first called Santa Cruz and Veracruz, had already been replaced by Terra do Brasil.

Off the African coast of Africa Ruscelli portrays some islands of the Cape Verde archipelago from which four are named: (San) Tiago, Lucia, Sal and Mayo.

The map is based upon a 1548 map of the same title published in Giacomo Gastaldi’s La Geografia. One of the earliest obtainable maps of South America. The map was first issued in 1561. The plate was revised in 1574 and again in 1598. The 1598 rework can be distinguished by the inclusion of a sailing ship in the lower right corner.

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