Geschichtsblätter: 1576, surrender by the Spanish of the citadel in Gent

by Frans Hogenberg


Date:  9 November 1576

Dimensions (not including margins): 21 x 28 cm

Condition: Very good. Strong paper and wide margins. Centre fold as published.

Condition rating: A+

Verso: blanco

Text at bottom: in German

Item number:
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Hogenberg shows the surrender by the Spanish of the citadel in Gent on 9 November 1576

After a siege by Lalaing for the revolutionary population, the Spaniards had no other choice but to surrender the citadel.

On the view: vilos Maldonado, who had waited in vain for the arrival of relief troops, leaves the citadel in the presence of the wife of the absent commander Mondragon.

Aftermath: The city of Gent installed a Calvinist republic that existed between 1577 and 1584, when Gent became Spanish again. Immediately, some 4.000 citizens fled to the North.

Today the site of the citadel is a large city park.


Hogenberg and his Geschichtsblätter (news prints)

The publication of news prints was already in vogue in the 16th century before Hogenberg published his well-known Geschichtsblätter. In printing houses in Rome (Lafreri) and Venice (Gastaldi), the cartographers also published these such news prints. The preferred topics were then-current political or military images. Publishing news prints actually went hand in hand with the publication of maps.

Hogenbergs Geschichtsblätter are a collection of several hundred history papers that Frans Hogenberg and his son Abraham published between 1569 and 1637. The central theme is the Eighty Years’ War (1568 – 1648), but some views also show the French Religious Wars (1559 – 1573) and the English dynastic disputes. The Geschichtsblätter illustrate in an almost photographic way an act of war with a German caption at the bottom, sometimes in verse form, dating the fact. They provide both a visual and a narrative picture of the evolution of the war. The different engraving styles show that several engravers contributed to this work in the studio of the Hogenberg family. The Geschichtsblätter were sold loose-leaf and were popular.

Several editions of the Geschichtsblätter are known with varying numbers of pages and varying comments.

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