Geschichtsblätter: 1577, surrender by the Spanish of the citadel in Antwerpen

by Frans Hogenberg


Date:  28 August 1577

Dimensions (not including margins): 21 x 27,5 cm

Condition: Very good. Strong paper and wide margins. Centre fold as published.

Condition rating: A+

Verso: blanco

Text at bottom: in German

Item number:
Belgium cities
War maps
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Hogenberg shows the surrender by the Spanish of the citadel in Antwerpen on 28 August 1577

The Antwerp citadel was built between 1567 and 1572 by order of Alva. The citadel served as a base for the Spanish Fury in Antwerp on November 4, 1576, which was planned and directed by Sancho d’Avila, the then commander of the citadel. The new city hall and part of the city center went also up in flames.

Less than a year later, the citadel was handed over to the lords of Bours and van Liedekerke, who started dismantling on 28 August 1577 and had the inner stations removed. The relative freedom would of course be put on halt in 1585.

Bridge over the River Scheldt, built under Farnese, 1585

Hogenberg and his Geschichtsblätter (news prints)

The publication of news prints was already in vogue in the 16th century before Hogenberg published his well-known Geschichtsblätter. In printing houses in Rome (Lafreri) and Venice (Gastaldi), the cartographers also published these such news prints. The preferred topics were then-current political or military images. Publishing news prints actually went hand in hand with the publication of maps.

Hogenbergs Geschichtsblätter are a collection of several hundred history papers that Frans Hogenberg and his son Abraham published between 1569 and 1637. The central theme is the Eighty Years’ War (1568 – 1648), but some views also show the French Religious Wars (1559 – 1573) and the English dynastic disputes. The Geschichtsblätter illustrate in an almost photographic way an act of war with a German caption at the bottom, sometimes in verse form, dating the fact. They provide both a visual and a narrative picture of the evolution of the war. The different engraving styles show that several engravers contributed to this work in the studio of the Hogenberg family. The Geschichtsblätter were sold loose-leaf and were popular.

Several editions of the Geschichtsblätter are known with varying numbers of pages and varying comments.

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