Tango Province (Shogun era; now northern part of Kyoto Prefecture)
Rare map of Settsu
Date of this map: ca. 1820
Dimensions (with margins): 32,9 x 26,3 cm
Condition: Very good. Original colouring. Strong woodcut print on Japanese rice paper on two sheets and clear image. Sufficient margins to frame.
Condition rating: A+
From: Kokugun Zenzu (Atlas of Japan, deluxe version)
Tango Province (丹後国, Tango no Kuni) was a old Shogun province in the area that is today northern Kyoto Prefecture facing the Sea of Japan. So, North is bottom of map.
Maps of Japan and Tango Province were reformed in the 1870s when the prefecture system was introduced. At the same time, the province continued to exist for some purposes. For example, Tango is explicitly recognized in treaties in 1894 (a) between Japan and the United States and (b) between Japan and the United Kingdom.
The Kokugun Zenzu was an atlas made under the Tokugawa shogunate and given as a present to the favorite warlords. It contains more than 70 regional maps of Japan and was compiled by Motonobu Aoo and Toshiro Eirakayu.
Based on the work of Japanese master Ino Tadataka (11 February 1745 – 17 May 1818). He was a Japanese surveyor and cartographer. He is known for completing the first map of Japan using modern surveying techniques.
He surveyed Japan, a task, which consumed the 17 years of his life, covered the entire coastline and some of the interior of each of the Japanese home islands. During this period Inō reportedly spent 3,736 days making measurements (and traveled 34,913 kilometres), stopping regularly to present the Shogun with maps reflecting his survey’s progress. He produced detailed maps (some at a scale of 1:36,000, others at 1:216,000) of select parts of Japan, mostly in Kyushu and Hokkaido.
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