Birthplace of Martino Martini
Date of first edition: 1581
Date of this map: 1581-1588
Dimensions (not including margins): 35 x 46,5 cm
Dimensions (including margins): 42,4 x 55,7 cm
Condition: Good. Strong paper with general slight age-toning in margins and verso. Wide margins. Centre fold as published. Nice original colouring.
Condition rating: A
Verso: text in Latin
Map references: Van der Krogt 4, 4470; Fauser, #14199; Taschen, Br. Hog., p. 240
From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Vol. III. Van der Krogt 41:1-3, page 48
Trento commented by Braun
“Venerated in St Peter’s are the relics of the child St Simon, who was martyred by the apostate Jews over 100 years ago, and which are widely known for their miracles. In Trento there is moreover an extremely splendid castle that looks like a royal palace, in which the bishop lives. But the town houses, too, are highly praised, including by those who have visited many countries and cities of the world.”
Title: Tridentum. Trent
Taschen on Trento
The bird’s-eye plan shows Trento on the Adige with its surrounding fields. On the bend in the river lie the episcopal Castello del Buonconsiglio with its massive round tower (left) and the Renaissance Magno Palazzo. The dominating Romanesque cathedral in the centre of the plate goes back to the early Christian church of the Holy Sepulchre of St Vigilius. Between the bishop’s residence and the cathedral lies the small Gothic church of San Pietro.
Birthplace of Martino Martini
On September 20, 1614, Martino Martini was born in the German quarter of Trento. It is likely that he had a German speaking mother and an Italian speaking father. He entered the Order of Jezus and went as a missionary to China. He produced the first western atlas of China.
“C’est un homme chez qui, à la haute taille répond l’ampleur de la tête et du corps; le visage blanc avec la chevelure noire…, la barbe descendant jusqu’au milieu de la poitrine. Il porte les habits comme en Allemagne, sinon sous la soutane il est vêtu en soie ondulée de Chine…” (1)
(1) Undated and unsigned note in the archives of the Society of Jesus (SJ) of the Province of Holland, drafted upon his arrival in Holland on November 7, 1653 in Bernard H., SJ, Les sources mongoles et chinoises de l’atlas de Martini (published in Malek, R., and Zingerle, A., Martino Martini und die Chinamission im 17. Jahrhundert, Steyer verlag, Nettetal, 2000, p. 235, ISBN 3-8050-0444-3.
The description of his physical appearance co-insides with the unknown portrait of Martini currently in possession of the Museo Provinciale d’Arte del Castello del Buonoconsiglio in Trento.
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